Gear Maintenance

Understanding your bicycle gears is simple. Push the lever one way to make it easier to pedal, and the other to go faster. choosing the right gears to put on your bike can be much harder. Most of us just end up riding the gears that came with our bikes, but if you don’t think about swapping out for different surfaces, you might end up making gears much more difficult than they need to be.Knowing about  gear ratios you want to use for doing bicycle races and ultra-distance cycling is important as it will make your rides comfortable, because you will be more familiar with your bike than.Gears should be available that are comfortable to pedal in all situations including climbing. It should be low enough so the riders won’t tire out quickly or injure themselves.

Front Gears

The front gears are referred to as chain rings . The whole group with the arms and the front gears together is known as the crank set. Crank sets have either two or three chain rings, single chain rings are useful in mountain bikers. On the crank set, the smallest chainring is closest to the frame. The smaller the chain ring, the easier the pedaling.

Rear Gears

The gears on the rear wheel are called cogs and when you put a few of them together and attach them onto your back wheel, they are referred to as a cassette. The largest cogs are closest to the wheel and the gears are numbered from the inside out. The larger the cog the lower the gear and the easier it will be to pedal but the slower you will go

Here are three final gear maintenance tips to take with you on your next ride.

  • Avoid cross-chaining: Cross-chaining is when you have a little or big combination high and low pedaling.
  • Anticipate your shifts: Keep an eye on the road ahead and shift before you have to. You’ll maintain a smoother power output, and you’ll be shifting at a time when there is less stress on the drive train.
  • Keep pedaling: It is much more efficient to keep a steady power rather than fast riding. It’s feels like you’re getting better exercise when you make that big effort, but you’re putting all the load on your muscular system, which isn’t really good at sustained effort. Spinning light and fast ends up putting out the same amount of power, but shifts the load to your cardio-vascular system, which is good at endurance activity.

Things you need to know for your bicycle gear maintenance

  • Use a soft brush to clean the teeth of the gear circles.
  • Make sure to remove all the dirt before lubricating, if not the lube and the dirt will make grinding  will destroy the circle of the gear.
  • Use light lubricant to grease the circles of the gear. Don’t use thick grease, it tends to absorb the dirt and dust more.
  • Oil the break and clutch parts of your bicycle.
  • Cleaning and lubricating your chain is also important, if not it will accumulate the dirt over the gear circles.
  • Make sure to by pedaling that the lube has reached all the corners.
  • Don’t forget to clean and lubricate all the moving parts and they all are interconnected to each other.

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